The Whai Tikanga toolkit has been co-created by Wintec staff member and clinical psychologist, Andre McLachlan in recognition of the importance of using a Māori-centred approach for Māori clients and whanau.
“By using a Māori-centred approach to therapy, practitioners can utilise traditional Māori concepts of health and promote Māori values,” said McLachlan. “This can enhance engagement and psychological outcomes for whanau.”
The toolkit comprises four activities: Whai Tikanga values cards, Te Whare Tapa Whā, a “Pleasant Events’ schedule and Korurangi. Each activity in the toolkit aims at helping whānau explore what’s important to them using traditional Māori values.
The Whai Tikanga values cards are a set of cards which have the name and description of a Māori value on one side and a whakatauki (Māori proverb) on the other side. Each card is aligned to one of four wellbeing components from Ta Mason Durie’s Te Whare Tapa Whā model of wellbeing.
The Whai Tikanga ‘Pleasant Events’ schedule aligns with Te Whare Tapa Whā, the four cornerstones or sides of Māori health and provides a range of activities that people can use to strengthen each aspect of their wellbeing. The Korurangi is an adapted version of a sociogram where whānau are supported to explore their relationships and support systems. These four activities culminate in the development of Te Mahere Oranga – a wellbeing plan.
“The Whai Tikanga values cards help whānau to identify which take pū (values) are most important to them and where these take pū (values) come from,” said McLachlan. “This connects whānau strongly with the motivating force of their whakapapa.”
He said the practitioner can then work with whānau to explore these values and start looking at how this person can start living by these values. “This has the effect of addressing concerns by increasing wellbeing and resilience through whakapapa korero (original instructions/whānau narratives)”.
He said the toolkit had now been used by grassroots practitioners and clinicians – such as nurses, social workers, counsellors and psychologists – across the country and had been well-received and he had had “extremely positive feedback”.
Whanganui-based clinical psychologist Dr Rebecca Wirihana uses the cards regularly in group therapy and individual therapy. “I find that people respond to the cards to such a degree that they have actually asked to take them home to remind them of their learnings. They are extremely useful for engagement, particularly with their use of te reo Māori,” she said. “Most importantly, they can be used to identify the values people feel are important in their lives and, as clinicians, this is integral to ensuring that we are working in a manner that best suits their needs.”
McLachlan said the toolkit requires practitioners to have a thorough understanding of tikanga Māori, so it is mainly being used by Māori practitioners. Wintec has partnered with Te Rau Matatini and is exploring a digital version of the Whai Tikanga values cards to make it more accessible for practitioners and whānau.
Read more about Whai Tikanga Maori centered values.
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